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Moscow is usually associated with Grand Duke Yury Dolgoruky, who decided to build a fortress on the site of an ancient settlement. Historians still argue about the exact date of the founding of the city. Some believe it was , while others state However, the first time Moscow was mentioned in historical documents was Archaeologists discovered several cemeteries which date back to the 7th century BC.

The Best Travel Guide to Moscow (UPDATED ) |

During the Middle Ages, Moscow was constantly under attack. After the death of Dolgoruky, the city was governed by Yuri Vsevolodovich and then Vladimir Yurevich until the Mongol-Tatar invasion in the 13th century. During this period, the Mongol-Tatars completely destroyed and burned the city. For a long time, the Russians had to pay tribute to the Golden Horde.

Ivan Kalita did a lot for the construction of the city. He built the first stone buildings: churches, cathedrals and fortress walls. A year before his death, he surrounded the Moscow Kremlin with new fortified walls. His heirs continued to strengthen Moscow. At the same time, the process of the unification of Russia was ongoing.

The religious significance of the city grew as well. After the fall of Constantinople in the middle of the 15th century, the Russian church began to develop as an independent organisation. During the 16thth centuries, Moscow survived wars with the Poles and Tatar khans. In , the troops under Minin and Pozharsky repulsed the Poles from Moscow.

At the beginning of the 18th century, St Petersburg became the capital. During the Patriotic War of , the city was occupied by French troops and destroyed by fire. Where to Stay. When it comes to finding good accommodation, Moscow offers a wide range of options, from cheap hostels to the luxury Four Seasons next to Red Square and the Kremlin.

If you like the hustle and bustle of a big city and visiting museums and theatres, the city centre is your best bet. Some hotels may seem overpriced, but sometimes they offer really good deals. Bars and Restaurants. You can choose borshch, a traditional beet soup, syrniki fried quark pancakes , Olivier salad and pelmeni Russian dumplings. What to See. There are three major airports Domodedovo, Vnukovo and Sheremetievo , Schyolkovsky Bus Terminal and nine railway stations.

Visitors can also use the metro, buses, trolley-buses or taxis.

  • Maria Montessori – Eine reformpädagogische Konzeption (German Edition).
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Most train schedules are available online. The easiest and cheapest way to get from the airport to the city centre is the Aeroexpress train approximately 40 minutes. You can also use Uber or the airport taxi desk.

The Pushkin Museum of Fine Art

There is no need to worry about the language, as most drivers speak basic English, and taxi services offer customer support. Some central streets have cycle paths. Destination Guide.

  1. Overdose?
  2. 5 Star Hostels.
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  4. Introduction The capital of Russia is an exciting, sparkling city which attracts visitors from all over the world. Historical Overview Moscow did not become the capital of Russia straight away. Where to Stay When it comes to finding good accommodation, Moscow offers a wide range of options, from cheap hostels to the luxury Four Seasons next to Red Square and the Kremlin.

    Travel Guide to Moscow, Russia

    The Moscow Kremlin is a historical, cultural and religious complex in the centre of the city, an ancient fortress with a unique ensemble of monuments which are UNESCO heritage sites, as well as the official residence of the Russian president. I figured I would suck up the expensive visa fee and just go for it. A lot of Americans have certain preconceptions about Russia. We associate the country with communism and the Cold War, and have visions in our heads of ugly Soviet-era buildings and dour locals.

    Many even assume that Americans are not welcome in Russia. I admit that I wasn't immune to these stereotypes. I was expecting fairly ugly cities and unfriendly locals. I was slightly worried that I would be given a hard time at immigration. I was definitely intimidated. Yes, Russia still has plenty of issues the gap between the rich and poor, for example, is really staggering at times.

    And no, I'm not really in love with the country's politics. But I liked the Russia I saw much more than I ever expected to. But you'll also find some incredible architecture the far predates the Bolshevik Revolution. In St. Petersburg, for example, the wide streets and Baroque buildings reminded me of Paris.

    And the canals there reminded me of Amsterdam which isn't actually surprising, since Peter the Great studied ship building in the Netherlands as a young man. Churches are not the first thing I think of when I think of Russia. But let me tell you that they are everywhere in the country. There are the famous ones like St. There are churches that survived the Soviet years, and others that were destroyed and have only been rebuilt in the last two decades.

    There are even a handful of churches inside the walls of the Kremlin. I'd never been inside a Russian Orthodox church before this trip, and didn't realize how ornate and beautiful they could be.

    When I visit a new city on my own, I almost always rely on public transportation to get around. And while I didn't need to rely on it much on this trip since I was on a cruise, I still got a taste of the Metro on a couple walking tours. The Metro in Moscow especially is almost a tourist attraction in and of itself — the stations dating back to the s are breathtaking, resembling underground palaces more than they do your average metro station. With marble walls and floors, bas-reliefs, chandeliers, and even mosaics and stained glass windows, I would recommend taking the Metro even if you don't need to just to see some of these stations.

    And the best news? The Metro is incredibly affordable.

    Accommodations in Russia: How to choose and where to make a reservation cheaply

    A single ride in Moscow and St. Petersburg costs between 30 and 35 rubles — which is right around 50 cents USD! Just as I was blown away by all the churches in Russia, I was also baffled by the insane traffic in both Moscow and St. Petersburg but especially in Moscow. I've never seen so many cars inching along on 6- or 8-lane highways. The explosion of car ownership after the fall of the Soviet Union has led to Moscow's traffic being rated the worst in the world.

    And it doesn't help that most locals choose not to use all those beautiful Metro stations…. I didn't expect to find wide-spread English in Russia, and it's true that people outside the cities speak very little of it. But for those worried about not being able to communicate in bigger cities like Moscow and St. Petersburg, I actually encountered much more English than I expected to — and especially within the tourism industry. I would brush up on your Cyrillic and learn a few key Russian phrases before you go, but you don't need to be fluent to visit Moscow or St. Russians are often depicted as being very severe and angry-looking.

    And this leads to them being characterized as unfriendly and lacking a sense of humor. But guess what? This is another one of those stereotypes. Sure, some Russians can be pretty dour. But I actually met quite a few Russians with awesome senses of humor! I even had two separate tour guides tell Putin jokes. I wasn't sure what to expect as an American in Russian. Would I be questioned heavily at immigration?

    Would people be rude to me? Would I feel unsafe?